Sunday, January 31, 2010

Role of the port health office in the implementation of International Health Regulations (IHR)

The scope of International Health Regulations (IHR) implementation in the field is divided into 2, which is extraordinary events in the country (A) and extraordinary international events (B). In public health, port health offices play a role in keeping the public from disease transmission that comes from outside the country, keeping people who will travel abroad to avoid being exposed to diseases endemic in the destination area, as well as keeping the port office is not a source of disease.
In keeping the people of Indonesia do not get the disease from foreign entrants, the port office monitoring the ships come, both passenger and freighter. Port health offices always follow the progression of the disease throughout the world through Weekly Endemic Report (WER). The ships that come are checked whether coming from countries that are endemic to certain diseases. The port health office is also written in the ship's state of health. There are several forms containing about health in the ship, as if there was a sick passenger, if any passengers who died, and other important points. Before the ship reached port, the port office staff will also visit the ship to inspect the ship, whether passenger, goods on ships, and ship's general condition. The officer will check the health of the passengers. The goods on the ship also examined whether there are harmful material. General state of the ship was also checked to see if the ship free from vectors of disease vectors such as rats, mosquitoes, and others. After the examination is complete, the ship is considered free from disease or not. If the ship is free from disease, then the ship has been certified free from disease, then the ship may continue loading and unloading activities. However, if ship is suspected of carrying disease, ship will be quarantined then disinfected, while passenger and crew referred to the referral hospitals.
Port health office also plays a role in protecting the citizens of Indonesia who wanted to travel abroad. Health Office will check whether these people are getting immunizations and prophylaxis to avoid contracting the disease while abroad. Port health office also provides immunizations and medicines. If immunization or drug supplies run out, the port health office will assist residents in seeking immunization or drug. It's all done so that citizens will travel abroad already have enough immunity to avoid contracting the disease when he travels abroad. Person's immunization status will be recorded in the International certificate of Vaccination.
Port health office also plays a role in maintaining the health of the port society. Do not let the office became a source of disease for the community around. In carrying out its role, Port Health Office periodically monitor environmental conditions. Ranging from control of water to control the vectors that could potentially spread the disease. Port health officials periodically to control the water with a tool, to know the pH of the water, contents of chemical substances in water and Chloride content in the water. The port officials also periodically monitor and control animals that have the potential to spread disease, such as mosquitoes, flies, rats, and fleas. The officers regularly check the foods in the port environment. However, in reality, the food inspection is done in certain circumstances, for example, there are incidents of food poisoning or even if there is the president and officials will visit.

1 comment:

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